IAEA for more autonomy to India’s nuclear regulatory board

The U.N.’s International Atomic Energy Agency recently, after completing a 12-day review of India’s nuclear safety standards, said that India has a strong commitment to safety but the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) needs more independence and separation from the government.

  • The IAEA’s review report also called for the Indian government to allow more on-site inspections at the nuclear power plants (NPPs) under international safeguards.

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA):

  • The IAEA is the world’s centre of cooperation in the nuclear field. It was set up as the world´s “Atoms for Peace” organization in 1957 within the United Nations family. It also seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
  • It is not under direct control of the UN. Though established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute, the IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
  • The Agency works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies.
  • The IAEA Secretariat is headquartered at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna, Austria.
  • The IAEA serves as an intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology and nuclear power worldwide.
  • The IAEA has 164 member states.

IAEA Mission & Programmes

  • The IAEA’s mission is guided by the interests and needs of Member States, strategic plans and the vision embodied in the IAEA Statute.
  • Three main pillars/areas of work – underpin the IAEA’s mission: Safety and Security; Science and Technology; and Safeguards and Verification.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki, iaea.org, UN.

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