The Centre has planned to form three new tiger reserves.
Their locations: In-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) for creation of reserves in:
1. Ratapani in Madhya Pradesh.
2. Sunabeda in Odisha.
3. Guru Ghasidas in Chhattisgarh.
Other decisions taken by the NTCA:
- The NTCA has accorded final approval to a proposal to declare
- Kudremukh National Park in Karnataka
- Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand as tiger reserves.
- Seeking to provide more protected spaces for the endangered species,
- State governments have been asked to send conservation proposals for the following areas:
- Suhelwa in Uttar Pradesh,
- Mhadei in Goa,
- Srivilliputtur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary/ Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary/ Varushanadu Valley in Tamil Nadu, Dibang in Arunachal Pradesh and Cauvery-MM Hills in Karnataka.
- Punishments for violation of tiger reserve rules and hunting or altering the boundaries of tiger reserves have been enhanced.
- As per the Ministry’s country-level assessment, India hosted an estimated 2226 tigers in 2014.
- The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 was amended in 2006 keeping in view the needs of the Project Tiger for providing enabling provisions for constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau.
The functions of NTCA are as follows:
- Ensuring normative standards in tiger reserve management
- Preparation of reserve specific tiger conservation plan
- Laying down annual/ audit report before Parliament
- Instituting State level Steering Committees under the Chairmanship of Chief Minister and establishment of Tiger Conservation Foundation.
- According approval for declaring new Tiger Reserves.
Sources: The Hindu, PIB, Wiki.