A new report from UN Women has found that South Asia has the world’s most skewed gender wage gap and is among the few regions where the gender
- labour force participation gap is both large and growing.
- The report is titled ‘The Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016’. It comes 20 years after the landmark Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing.
The report says that:
- Since the Beijing Conference, significant advances have been made by many societies, particularly in advancing women’s legal rights. However, in an era of unprecedented global wealth, millions of women are still consigned to work in low paid, poor quality jobs, denied even basic levels of health care, without access to clean water and decent sanitation.
- Globally, only half of women participate in the labour force, compared to three quarters of men. In India only a third of women are in the labour force.
- In developing regions, up to 95% of women’s employment is informal, in jobs that are unprotected by labour laws and lack social protection.
- Simultaneously, women shoulder the bulk of the burden of unpaid care work.
- In India women do nearly six hours of unpaid care and housework every day as compared to half an hour for men. While on average globally, women are paid 24% less than men, the gaps for women with children are even wider. In South Asia, the gender pay gap is% for women with children compared to 14% for those without.
Sources: The Hindu.