The nationwide transport strike called by various trade unions against the Road Transport and Safety Bill is likely to affect normal life across the country.
Why the protest?
- They say that the proposed fines are too high.
- According to provisions of the Bill,
Motor Vehicle Act 1988 will be scrapped
State RTOs will close.
- Protestors are against some provisions in the proposed bill.
- The provisions in the Bill are said to be against the principles of jurisprudence.
- Instead, a
Central authority will be created and private entities will issue and renew licenses.
- This move is not being welcomed.
Road Transport and Safety Bill:
- It is a Bill which aims to provide a framework for safer, faster, cost effective and inclusive movement of passengers and freight in the country thus enabling the mission of ‘Make in India’.
Highlights of the Bill:
- 2 lakhs lives to be saved in first 5 years due to reduction in road traffic accident deaths
- 4% GDP improvement on account of increased efficiency and safety of road transport sector
- 10 lac Jobs to be created with increase in investment in the sector
- The new Bill makes significant departures from the 1988 Motor Vehicle Act as it includes safety in construction, design, maintenance and use of motor vehicles and roads as a major component.
- The Bill provides for more stringent penalties to offenders.
- A graded penalty point system would now act as a deterrent and improve traffic condition whereas electronic detection and centralized information of offenses would facilitate to identify repeat-offenders.
New proposed Agencies and systems:
- The Bill proposes to introduce an independent agency called the National Road Safety Authority of India,
It shall be accountable to the Parliament and Central Government.
- The new Bill provides for the establishment of State Safety Authorities which shall act in accordance with the directions issued by the National Authority.
- The Bill seeks to establish a unified driver licensing system in India which will be transparent. Such a system shall facilitate any time anywhere license application mechanism in the country and mitigate duplication of licenses from
- various regional transport offices.
- According to the Provisions of the Bill there will be a unified vehicle registration system to enable electronic and online submission of applications for registration at any registering authority leading to real time interchange of data relating to such an activity.
- On the safety issues, the Bill envisages for enforcement of modern safety technologies.
- It also contains the provision for creation of a motor vehicle accident fund for immediate relief to the accident victim.
- It gives special emphasis on safety of school children and security of women.
- The Bill also includes the setting up of a Highway Traffic Regulation and Protection Force (HTRPF).
Sources: The Hindu, PIB, BS.