The National Green Tribunal recently, through an order, reminded denizens of Delhi of their fundamental duty towards protecting and cleaning environment as it announced that every household, including unauthorised, will have to pay a monthly environmental compensation for “Maily se Nirmal Yamuna”(मैली से निर्मल यमुना)
- The NGT has also extended its order of a fine of Rs 5,000 on throwing waste in the Yamuna to the smallest act of throwing municipal solid waste in any drain.
- The compensation to be paid would be directly proportional to the property tax or water bill, whichever is higher, payable by a particular household as every house generates waste which finally reaches the Yamuna which has now been reduced to a stinking drain of effluents and sewage.
- The Tribunal also said that where the household or person is not paying property tax and water bill or is living in unauthorized colonies, Rs 100 or Rs 500 per month would be levied as compensation.
- The ‘environmental compensation’ will be added to electricity bills which the power suppliers will deposit with the Delhi government. The Department of Delhi Jal Board has said Rs 3,659 crore is required towards ensuring clean Yamuna.
- The Yamuna is the Second largest tributary river of the Ganges, (Ganga) in India.
- It originates from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Bander pooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalayas in Uttarakhand.
- It merges with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela every twelve years
- The river accounts for more than 70% of Delhi’s water supplies.
All Prayag are on Ganga River .
VISHNU PRAYAG (at sangam of “DAULI GANGA”)
NAND PRAYAG (at sangam of “NANDAKHINI”)
KARNA PRAYAG(at sangam of “PINDAR GANGA”)
RUDRA PRAYAG(at sangam of “MANDAKHINI”)
DEV PRAYAG(at sangam of “BHAGIRATHI”)
Yamuna Action Plan:
- Government of India has sanctioned Yamuna Action Plant (YAP)-I and YAP-II schemes for river Yamuna in Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and YAP-III in Delhi under financial assistance from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for taking up works for
- sewerage/interception and diversion of drains,
- Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs),
- low cost sanitation/community toilet complexes,
- electric/ improved wood crematoria, etc.
The Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) is a bilateral project between the Government of India and Japan.
- It is one of the largest river restoration projects in India.
- The government of Japan, via the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), has provided financial aid of 17.7 billion yen to carry out the project, which is being executed by the National River Conservation Directorate, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and the Government of India.
Sources: The Hindu, Wiki, YAP.