UNESCO, in its “State of Conservation” report on the World Heritage Site, has said that cultivation of paddy and sugarcane pose a threat to the conservation of the historical Hampi group of monuments.
- UNESCO has flagged irrigation for water-intensive agriculture, traffic close to the site and seasonal flooding of the Tungabhadra as challenges.
How cultivation of these crops affect the site?
The threat of agriculture is water-logging that weakens the foundation of minor monuments situated on farm land. There have been incidents of monuments sinking or damage caused due to dampness and wetness.
- Hampi is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India located near Hospet town in the Karnataka state.
- It is located within the ruins of the city of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.
- The emperor Ashoka’s minor rock edicts in Nittur & Udegolan (both in Bellary district, Karnataka) lead one to believe that this region was within the Ashokan kingdom during the 3rd century BCE.
- A Brahmi inscription & a terracotta seal dating to the 2nd century CE were also discovered from the excavation site.
- The first historical settlements in Hampi date back to 1 CE.
- It is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra River.
- Hampi has various notable Hindu temples with some vedanta mythology inside the temples, some of which are still active places of worship.
Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.