The Sri Lankan Cabinet has finalised the broad contours of the proposed 20th Constitutional Amendment on electoral reforms.
- This has left many smaller parties surprised and disappointed.
- According to this decision, there will be no change in the size of Parliament. It will remain at 225. This was the major change from what was proposed earlier.
- Unlike in the present system of proportional representation (PR), the proposed scheme marks a combination of the First Past The Post (FPTP) and PR. Of the total number of 225 seats, it had been decided to earmark 125 seats for FPTP and 100 seats for PR. Again, 75 seats out of 100 would be filled through members representing electoral districts while the remaining 25 seats would be set apart for the national list.
Sri Lankan political system: Basics-
- The government of Sri Lanka is a semi-presidential system determined by the Sri Lankan Constitution.
- The President, directly elected for a six-year term, is head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces.
- The election occurs under the Sri Lankan form of the contingent vote.
- Responsible to Parliament for the exercise of duties under the constitution and laws, the president may be removed from office by a two-thirds vote of Parliament with the concurrence of the Supreme Court.
- The President appoints and heads a cabinet of ministers responsible to Parliament.
- The President’s deputy is the prime minister, who leads the ruling party in Parliament.
- A parliamentary no-confidence vote requires dissolution of the cabinet and the appointment of a new one by the President.
Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.