Prime Minister Modi recently reviewed the progress of the Swachh Bharat Mission at a high-level meeting attended by officials of the Urban Development Ministry, the Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Ministry, the NITI Aayog and the PMO.
- The Prime Minister said that spiritual leaders should be associated with this initiative, especially during major congregational events such as the Jagannath Yatra in Odisha and the Kumbh Mela in Uttar Pradesh.
- He also called for leveraging the huge interest that the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has generated among the Indian diaspora.
- The Prime Minister also said that motivational incentives such as awards should be instituted to give a boost to flagship government schemes requiring people’s participation.
- To promote awareness about these schemes in rural areas, he suggested that quiz competitions be held among students.
About Swachh Bharat Mission:
It was officially launched on 2 October 2014 and is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive.
- The mission seeks to achieve clean India and aims to provide access to toilets to all households in the country.
Objectives of the mission:
- Eliminate open defecation,
- Conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets,
- Eradication of manual scavenging,
- 100% collection and scientific processing/disposal reuse/recycle of Municipal Solid Waste,
- To bring about a behavioral change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices,
- Generate awareness among the citizens about sanitation and its linkages with public health.
- Strengthening of urban local bodies to design, execute and operate systems,
- To create enabling environment for private sector participation in Capital Expenditure and Operation & Maintenance (O&M) costs.
The components of the programme are:
- Construction of individual sanitary latrines for households below the poverty line with subsidy (80%) where demand exists.
- Conversion of dry latrines into low-cost sanitary latrines.
- Construction of exclusive village sanitary complexes for women providing facilities for hand pumping, bathing, sanitation and washing on a selective basis where there is not adequate land or space within houses and where village panchayats are willing to maintain the facilities.
- Setting up of sanitary marts.
- Total sanitation of villages through the construction of drains, soakage pits, solid and liquid waste disposal.
- Intensive campaign for awareness generation and health education to create a felt need for personal, household and environmental sanitation facilities
Sources: The Hindu, PIB.