India has asked all the countries keen on partnering with it in the ‘smart cities’ initiative to ready the blueprints for the projects they want to undertake, to avoid delay in execution.
- The scheme is expected to be announced along with the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation on June 25.
- So far, 14 countries had shown interest in sharing their expertise in building components that are prerequisites for a smart city. Denmark is the latest to join the list of countries that have offered know-how in building smart cities
Smart City Mission:
The Union Cabinet had in April, 2015 cleared the Smart Cities Mission — under which 100 smart cities would be built.
Aim of the Mission: The aim of the mission is to more efficiently utilise available assets, resources and infrastructure to enhance quality of urban life and provide a clean and sustainable environment.
Selection of the Cities:
- Cities to be developed will be selected through a ‘competition’ intended to ascertain their ability to achieve mission objectives. Each state will shortlist a number of smart city aspirants, which will prepare proposals for the Centre.
- Each selected city would get central assistance of Rs 100 crore per year for five years.
- To begin about 20 cities would be selected after the state governments come forward with names of cities they want nominated.
- There will be special emphasis on participation of citizens in prioritising and planning urban interventions.
- The Mission will be implemented through ‘area based’ approach, which includes retrofitting, redevelopment, pan-city initiatives and development of new cities.
- Under retrofitting, deficiencies in an identified area will be addressed through necessary interventions.
- Redevelopment enables reconstruction of an area that is already built but not amenable for any interventions.
- Pan-city components could be interventions like intelligent transport solutions that benefits residents by reducing commuting time.
- The focus will be on core infrastructure services like adequate and clean water supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transportation, affordable housing for the poor, power supply, robust IT connectivity, governance, especially e-governance, and citizen participation.
Sources: The Hindu, PIB, BS, Wiki.