‘Sakaar’ …for ISRO

Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy, Dr. Jitendra Singh recently launched an Augmented Reality application named ‘Sakaar’ to highlight the achievements of the Department of Space during one year in office of the present Government.

  • DECU-ISRO has developed this application for Android devices.
  • Sakaar consists of 3D models of MOM, RISAT, rockets (PSLV, GSLV Mk-III); videos of INSAT 3D-predicting cyclones, GSLV D5/Cryo, Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) orbit insertion, launch video of MOM, 360 degree animated view of MOM; Anaglyph of Mars surface.
  • The Multimedia content which is embedded in the Sakaar app is generated with the support of multimedia & editing facilities of DECU-ISRO.

What is Augmented Reality (AR)?

  • Augmented Reality is a live direct view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated 3D models, animations, videos etc. The technology enhances user’s current perception of reality.
  • Augmentation is in real time and the information is overlaid on the live view of the device’s camera.
  • Essentially, AR requires three elements: Android device with back camera, AR application, AR Markers.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.

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India signs motor vehicle pact with three nations

India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh recently signed a landmark Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA) for the Regulation of Passenger, Personnel and Cargo Vehicular Traffic among the four South Asian neighbours in Thimpu, Bhutan.

  • This pact is the first stage of the $8-billion road connectivity project set to begin in October.
  • Myanmar and Thailand have agreed to develop a motor vehicle pact on lines of the draft SAARC Motor vehicle agreement, to pave the way for greater economic cooperation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region.

According to this agreement, the four countries would carry out a six-month work plan from July for the implementation of the BBIN MVA in accordance with the agreements and protocols. The staged implementation of the historic pact would begin in October this year.

Motor Vehicles Agreement:

The SAARC Motor Vehicle Agreement has wider scope for movement of all types of vehicles across SAARC member States and will be a path breaking endeavour. This agreement paves the way for a seamless movement of people and goods across their borders for the benefit and integration of the region and its economic development.

What are the benefits?

  • The agreement will allow passenger, personal and cargo vehicles to travel along designated key routes in the four SAARC countries without the need for trans-shipment of goods and passengers at the border crossings.
  • The agreement will reduce costly and time-consuming unloading and loading of people and goods at the border crossing points making cross-border trade more efficient.
  • It would help transform transport corridors linking the four countries into economic corridors and enhance people to people contact.
  • This agreement would facilitate the transit of all types of vehicles between the contracting parties as is prevalent in other common markets like the European Union.
  • It would promote tourism and people-to-people interaction.

The following three routes have been identified for the bus service in the first instance:

  1. Kathmandu – Bhairahawa – Sunauli – Gorakhpur – Lucknow – New Delhi.
  2. Kathmandu – Bhairahawa – Sunauli – Azamgarh – Varanasi – New Delhi.
  3. Pokhara – Bharahawa – Sunauli – Gorakhpur – Lucknow – New Delhi.

Private and non-regular passenger vehicles would be entitled to use all established entry and exit points in the agreed upon framework envisaged under the Draft Agreement.

Sources: The Hindu, PIB.

Britain celebrates 800 years of Magna Carta

The 800th anniversary of Magna Carta, a medieval political truce that inspired protections for some of the world’s most cherished liberties, recently began in Britain. Magna Carta is seen as the foundation of parliamentary democracy, human rights and the supremacy of law.

What is Magna Carta?

‘Magna Carta’ is a Latin word and means “Great Charter”. The Magna Carta was one of the most important documents of Medieval England.

  • Magna Carta is considered one of the first steps towards parliamentary democracy and includes the principle that no one is above the law, including the king.
  • It was signed on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede.
  • The document was a series of written promises between the king and his subjects that he, the king, would govern England and deal with its people according to the customs of feudal law. Magna Carta was an attempt by the barons to stop a king John abusing his power with the people of England suffering.
  • It was drafted to make peace between the unpopular King and rebel barons, it promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.