The 800th anniversary of Magna Carta, a medieval political truce that inspired protections for some of the world’s most cherished liberties, recently began in Britain. Magna Carta is seen as the foundation of parliamentary democracy, human rights and the supremacy of law.
What is Magna Carta?
‘Magna Carta’ is a Latin word and means “Great Charter”. The Magna Carta was one of the most important documents of Medieval England.
- Magna Carta is considered one of the first steps towards parliamentary democracy and includes the principle that no one is above the law, including the king.
- It was signed on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede.
- The document was a series of written promises between the king and his subjects that he, the king, would govern England and deal with its people according to the customs of feudal law. Magna Carta was an attempt by the barons to stop a king John abusing his power with the people of England suffering.
- It was drafted to make peace between the unpopular King and rebel barons, it promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons.
Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.