Mauritius’ first woman President

The government of Mauritius recently designated Ameenah Gurib-Fakim as the new President, making her the first woman to hold the ceremonial position.

  • Gurib-Fakim is an internationally-renowned scientist and biologist.
  • She will be the first female president of the island, which gained independence from Britain in 1968 and which replaced Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state in 1992.

Quick facts:

  • The President of the Republic of Mauritius is the Head of State of the Republic of Mauritius and the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of Mauritius.
  • The minimum age of the President shall be 40 years and should have resided in Mauritius for at least 5 years immediately preceding the election.
  • The President shall be elected by the National Assembly on a motion made by the Prime Minister and supported by the votes of a majority of all the members Assembly.
  • The term of office is 5 years and the President shall be eligible for re-election.
  • Mauritius is a parliamentary republic, and the President functions as a ceremonial figurehead, elected by the National Assembly as set out by the Constitution of Mauritius.

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.


MoU on Cooperation in Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister recently gave its approval for the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy between India and Mauritius.

  • Both India and Mauritius share several cultural, historical, linguistic and literary similarities. Traditional medicine including medicinal plants are promising areas which need to be further explored and can prove to be mutually beneficial to the people of the two countries.

How will this be helpful?

  • The MoU will enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the areas of traditional medicine including medicinal plants.
  • This will be of immense importance to both countries, considering their shared cultural heritage.


The financial resources necessary to conduct research, training courses, conferences/ meetings and deputations of experts will be met from the existing allocated budget and existing plan schemes of the Ministry of AYUSH.

India and Mauritius:

  • India has well-developed systems of traditional medicine, including medicinal plants which have potential in the global health scenario.
  • The Government of Mauritius also has a long history of traditional medicine in common with India.
  • Both countries share a common culture with respect to the Ayurvedic System of Medicine.
  • Moreover, there are a large number of medicinal plants, particularly those found in the tropical region. These are common to the two countries given similar geo-climatic factors.

Similar MoUs:

The Ministry of AYUSH as a part of its mandate to propagate Indian Systems of Medicine globally has entered into MoUs with the People’s Republic of China, Malaysia, Trinidad & Tobago, Hungary, Bangladesh and Nepal.

Sources: PIB.