An international consortium of researchers led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, in its recently released data, has said that the incidence of cancer has grown over the last decade in India although the rate of mortality has fallen. The study is named “The Global Burden of Cancer 2013”.
- The team analysed 28 cancer groups in 188 countries.
Important observations made by the Report:
- Breast cancer is the fastest growing in terms of incidence for women and kills the most, and prostate cancer is the fastest-growing in incidence for men, while lung cancer killed the most men.
- Globally, the incidence of cancer is rising, but even as it has become the second leading cause of death, mortality is falling with better detection and treatment across countries.
- India has a lower incidence of cancer than the global average, with just half the number of new cases recorded every year per capita than the global average.
- However, the incidence has grown from over 700 new cases per million population to nearly 1,000 new cases per million people, the numbers show. Simultaneously, the death rate has declined.
- The number of new mouth cancer cases in India more than doubled between 1990 and 2013 from 55,480 to 127,168.
In 2013, there were 14.9 million new cases and 8.2 million deaths worldwide. Among men, prostate cancer caused 1.4 million new cases and 293,000 deaths. For women, breast cancer caused 1.8 million new cases and 464,000 deaths.
Sources: The Hindu.